What is icst?

Individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) was developed by adapting Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST). Evidence shows that group CST improves cognition and quality of life (QoL), communication and depression in people with dementia (Woods et al., 2012).

iCST consists of one-to-one structured cognitive stimulation sessions for people with Dementia to be delivered by carers at home. The iCST intervention offers a total of 75 activity sessions based on a variety of themes.

Quantitative results find that iCST significantly enhanced the caregiving relationship from the person with dementia's perspective and improved carers' health related QoL. Carers who delivered more sessions had fewer depressive symptoms (Orrell et al., 2017).

Qualitative findings show that iCST providing opportunities for participants to engage in general, intellectual stimulation, enjoyable activities and being active in everyday life. Carers found iCST helping them to frame the conversations and enhance the caregiving relationship (Leung et al., 2017).


Dr Phuong Leung is the founder of iCST Dementia Training and Consultancy and works in partnership with the Honor Oak Wellness Rooms

She is a dementia researcher and has extensive clinical experience working with people with dementia, their carers, and healthcare professionals in facilitating iCST training nationally and internationally. Her research focuses on systematic reviews, designing, developing and evaluating cognitive and psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and their families.


The next iCST dementia training day will be held on Tuesday 5th November 2019, from 10.00-15.30 with registration from 9.30, at Honor Oak Wellness Rooms, 82 Brockley Rise, Forest Hill, London SE23 1LN.
The iCST Dementia Training programme aims to equip learners with knowledge and skills to deliver iCST in a standardised, person-centred and effective way.
Tickets and more details here:

For more information, please visit the iCST Dementia website or contact phuong@icstdementiatraining.co.uk



Leung, P., Orgeta, V., & Orrell, M. (2017). The experiences of people with dementia and their carers participating in individual cognitive stimulation therapy. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry DOI: 10.1002/gps.4648

Orrell, M., Yates, L., Leung, P., Kang, S., Hoare, Z., Whitaker, C.,Orgeta, V. (2017). The impact of individual Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (iCST) on cognition, quality of life, caregiver health, and family relationships in dementia: A randomised controlled trial. Plos Medicine,14(3), 22.

Woods, B., Aguirre, E., Spector, A. E., & Orrell, M. (2012). Cognitive stimulation to improve cognitive functioning in people with dementia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2, CD005562